Monitoring circularity in the Netherlands

Study by dutch government agency PBL finds that The Netherlands is not doing so badly re recycling of materials (13% of materials recycled as of 2019).PBL further asserts the limits of further increases of this percentage as materials are locked up in long-lasting structures, exported, and so on. In addition to more recycling, other strategies are needed, such as .lease, sharing, extending product lifespan by repair and refurbishment,

Little financial incentive toward sustainable practices is put towards business initiatives for circularity.

The interesting bit is the presentation of possible key indicators to show the progress towards a circular economy and its effects at national level (p23).